When it comes to ancient mythology, it is sometimes difficult to separate facts from fiction. Most myths are obviously invented, but often contain a grain truth. The old people had to get inspiration somewhere. For example, the places of some of the most popular myths are based in real places or play there. The publication Ancient Origins has put together a list of mythical places that actually exist.
Berg Olymp: Home of the Greek gods Anyone who has even the slightest idea of Greek mythology is familiar with the Mount Olympus. In ancient Greek religion, it served as a home of the twelve Olympic gods.
Olympus is described in Homers Ilias as a paved palace complex on a hill. It had golden goals that were guarded by the three ORI (goddesses of the seasons and hours, daughters of Zeus and Themis), and palaces for each of the Olympic gods (of course Zeus was the highest and most powerful). In the real world, Olympus is the highest mountain of Greece. The mountain has 52 peaks and deep gorges, with the highest peak of being Miticas (the second highest on the Balkan Peninsula to the Mount of Musala in Rila), which was supposedly the home of the gods. The area around the mountain was declared an archaeological and historical site.
The Greeks tended to point to the summit and name them Olympus. While the Olympus in Greece is usually the one that is most associated with the old gods, other peaks called Olympus can be found on the entire continent. In Greece alone there are four peaks called Olympus; In Turkey there is three and one in Cyprus. Sherwood Forest: The home of Robin Hood and his funny men thanks to various Hollywood adaptations, people around the world know the legend of Robin Hood today. Robin Hood is a heroic outlaw in the English folklore. He was an experienced archer and swordsman, and most legends describe him as he took away from the rich to give them the arms. In most modern subsequent counts, he is presented as a man of noble origin who fights in the crusades. Robin Hood in the Sherwood Forest / Istock Whether there were Robin and where the legends come from is still controversial. Myths always refer to real historical figures from the 13th century. There are records from 1226, who mention a man named Robert Hod, whose possessions were confiscated and he became a lawless.
Robin-Hood myths usually indicate Sherwood Forest in Nottingham, England, as his “operating base”. Sherwood Forest exists. It is a national nature reserve that includes 375 hectares, but once took over 40,000 hectares. The local community has done an excellent job over the years to promote the connection of the forest to the legendary hero. For this reason, the area is now full of tourist attractions with Robin-Hood motifs. Troja: The scene of the greatest battle of the ancient Greece The Trojas case is one of the cornerstones of Greek mythology. In Greek literature, Troy was one of the most powerful kingdoms during the Greek heroic age, a time when gods and monsters roamed the earth.
The Trojan War begins in mythology when the Trojan Paris kidnapped/burns with Helena the beautiful. Helen was the greatest beauty of ancient Greece, married to the king of Sparta, Menelaos. Menelaos convinces all kings and princes to keep their oath and attack Troy. What follows is the greatest battle in Greek mythology. The Trojan War ends when the Greeks penetrate the mighty city by hiding in a large wooden horse that they give the Trojans as a false peace offer. In reality, Troy was a real city in the Asia Minor region, in modern Turkey. Troy and the Trojan war were considered legend by the end of the 19th century. In excavations in 1871, however, ruins were exposed, which were very similar to the pictures of the ancient city in the myths. The walls of the Acropolis from Troja VII’s layer were identified as contemporary for the Trojan War.
The Archaeological site of Troja consists of 9 layers that date from the early Bronze Age (3000 – 2500 BC) to the Byzantine period (approx. 300 AD). It is believed that the legendary city is associated with one of the late Bronze Age levels. Today the site is a popular tourist attraction and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Although we know with certainty that Troja existed, the distinction between legend and the fact is still being researched.
King Arthurs Camelot:
Camelot is another English legend that has gained popularity thanks to an abundance of Hollywood adaptations. The legend revolves around King Arthur and his knights of the round table.
King Arthur is said to have been the greatest king of early England and his capital was Camelot. He and his knights were the epitome of a knightly duty. The best -known legends tell of Arthur’s betrayal through his beloved knight Sir Lancelot and his queen Guinevere. Over the centuries, historians have tried to find out whether there is something true to the Arthurian legends. Is Arthur based on a real king? Was there really camelot?
In 1542, the poet John Leland said that the residents around Cadbury Castle, a fortress from the Bronze and Iron Age in Somerset, believed that it was camelot. This theory was supported by the fact that the castle was near the Cam River and the village Queen Cam and West Cammel.
Apparently it was assumed that these names were associated with camelot. In order to get out of truth, extensive archaeological excavations were carried out in the 20th century. According to their results, the area was from the 4th millennium BC BC col. They also showed that around 470 AD a great British ruler and his military group moved into the area and fastened it. It is the biggest known fortress of your time.
After these discoveries, Cadbury Castle was called “Das True Camelot”. However, many historians disagree and argue that the site was built too late to be the Camelot of the Arthurian legend.
However, not all hope is lost. Other places in Cornwall and Shropshire as well as Huddersfield also claim to be the original camelot. It seems that until a final answer has been found, many options for people remain that hope to visit the “real” camelot.
The cyclical Islands: home of the cyclopes of Greek mythology one of the Greek heroes who played a key role in the Trojas case was Odysseus. He is the figure that gives the idea of the hollow wooden horse for the Greek soldiers to sneak into the city.
Odysseus in The Cave of Polyphem
Odysseus is famous for his own myths that occur in Homers Odyssey. These myths tell the amazing story, such as Odysseus and his brave men to Ihaka, the birthplace of Odysseus. Odysseus has to take many exams on his way home, but one of the most dangerous is the island of the cyclopes. At the beginning of their trips, Odysseus and twelve of his men land on an island where everything is larger than usual. They come across a cave that is empty except for some simple shepherds. They decide to slaughter one of the huge lambs of the island and enjoy a hearty meal.
When the shepherd returns, it is none other than the mighty cyclop of polyphema, who is also the son of Poseidon. Polyphem immediately swallows two men from Odysseus before placing a stone on the cave door and catching Odysseus and his men. Odysseus and his men wait until the cyclop has fallen asleep and dazzle it with a pointed tree trunk. In his anger, Polypheme frees the entrance to the cave and searches for Odysseus and his men. When polyphemic realized that they had fled into the sea, he began to throw stones into the ocean to crush them.
These rocks can still be seen on the Cyklopic Riviera in front of the east coast of Sicily. This is a section of coast with incredible rocky islands. These islands in ancient Greece are said to have been the home of polyphema. Today the area houses beautiful coastal cities, citrus plantations and spectacular views of the Etna. Fortunately, the cyclopes seem to have disappeared.
El Dorado: The Mythical City Of Gold
The legend of El Dorado is a tragic story of human greed. The name “El Dorado” (literally “The Golden Man”) was originally used by the Spaniards in the 16th century to refer to a mythical tribal chief. It was said that this chief was covered with gold and gemstones and then dipped into Lake Guatavita. El Dorado was mapped by Walter Raleigh (1595) to Alexander von Humboldt (1804) next to the Lake Parime. Lake Parime is a legendary lake in South America. It was assumed that it was the place of the legendary city of El Dorado, which is also known as Manoa. Repeated attempts to find the lake could not confirm its existence, and it was dismissed together with the city as a myth.
The Spaniards of the 16th century began to fix the idea of El Dorado. The legend grew from a gold -covered man to a city and finally a realm in gold through word of mouth. Spanish conquistadors, Colombia, Venezuela, Guayana and Brazil put on the head in search of the golden empire, which they believed that it existed. So they destroyed countless local tribes. It is not surprising that you have never found the mythical city. However, this does not mean that the original legend is not true. Historical texts indicate an Inca strain that lived near Lake Guatavita in today’s Colombia. They actually had a ritual in which the chiefs threw jewelry, gold and treasures into the lake. Guatavita Lake. In the Chibcha language, “Guatavita” means “end of agriculture” or “point in the mountains” (José Ángel Morente Valero / CC BY-NC-SA 2. 0) If you are looking for the mythical city of gold But this lake can be visited today. It is an incredibly beautiful tourist place. Unfortunately, no gold is found.
Matsue: The Locked Entrance to The Underworld
Today Japan is considered a Buddhist country, but the country of the rising sun has a wealth of traditions and mythologies that are older than the Buddhist teachings. One of them is the story of Yomi no Kune, part of an early Asian creation myth. According to this myth, there were two early gods who were responsible for the entire creation. These were Izanagi and his sister wife Izanami. According to the myth, Izanami dies fire at the birth of the element. Izanagi, insane with grief, made his way into the underworld to recapture it.
He discovered a dark and dark place where the souls lived in their bodies. Izanagi found his wife, but he was told that he shouldn’t look at her back to the surface during her trip. Unfortunately, Izanagi, just when he reached the surface, saw a fleeting view of her decaying meat. This story is very similar to Orpheus and Eurydike’s legend, but has a different end. Izanami was outraged and sent demons behind her brother. Izanagi managed to escape and close the entrance to the underworld named Yomi No Kune with a huge rock.
The legend ends with an angry Izanami who swears to pull 1,000 people into the underworld every day. Izanagi returns to create 1,005 new ones by promising. Yomotsu Hirasaka is the slope that leads to Yomi, the Japanese underworld. The rock that Izanagi has placed on Yomi No Kune should still exist. It can be found in the Matsue area in Japan. The entrance to Yomi No Kune is called Yomotsu Hirasaka, and the stone block is behind the IYA shrine in Matsue. Nobody knows exactly which stone in the area closes the entrance to the underworld, but visitors can visit the grave and shrine of Izanami.
The path of the giants: built by anger, destroyed by fear:
The Giant’s Causeway can be seen in the county of Antrim in Northern Ireland. It consists of over 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, of which scientists believe that they are the result of an old volcanic eruption. Together, the columns look like steps that lead under the waves from the foot of the cliff. The scientific explanation is boring, but local legends say that the basalt columns are the remains of a street built by an old giant. The giant Fionn Mac Cumhaill (Finn Maccool) was challenged by the Scottish giant Benandoner for a fight. It was eager to meet, Fionn built a street to cross the north Canal, which separates Ireland and Scotland. Fionn then hid from Benandonor when he found that his rival was much larger than him.
When Benandon saw this baby giant, he panicked and thought that if the baby was so big, his father would be even bigger. He fled back to Scotland via the Giant’s Causeway and destroyed him on the way so as not to be persecuted by Fionn.
This article is originally published on europeantimes.news